Baxter, Stephen. "The Darwin Anathema"
Summary: Set in a 2009 Catholic-dominated Europe in which the theory of evolution is still so disreputable that Charles Darwin's body is put on trial.
Published: In The Mammoth Book of Alternate Histories (eds. Ian Watson and Ian Whates), q.v.; and Obelisk, Gollancz 2016 (147321274XBUY, 1473212766BUY).