Borden, Morton. "1784: What If Slavery Had Been Geographically Confined?"
Divergence: 1784 CE
What if: New Jersey delegate John Beatty was not ill when Congress debated prohibiting slavery west of the Appalachians, and his vote enabled the bill to pass.
Summary: Analysis of possible effects on Southern economy and society, noting the sterner life blacks would have experienced, and probably no Civil War.
Published: In Borden and Graham's Speculations on American History, q.v.